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Private Hansen #5

Dearest Rebecca,
 I do hope you are well. I have survived the war and I can only hope to be returning soon. Enclosed is a paper clipping from April. No time to elaborate. Stay safe. I love you all. Give my best regards to everyone.


APPOMATOX COURTHOUSE: APRIL 1865

EARLY April 1865 the brilliant Union General: Ulysses S. Grant, tricked General Lee into coming to Appomattox Courthouse, Virginia for "supplies and food". Upon arrival Lee and Grant had a discussion and came to the following terms of surrender:

1) The Confederate States of America are to relinquish all weapons.

2)The fighting is to cease.

3)Confederate soldiers will be allowed to keep horses

4) Confederate soldiers will be allowed to keep personal arms

5) Confederate soldiers will be given 25,000 rations

6) Confederate soldiers will be pardoned and allowed to return home

Private Richardson 1864 #2

Beef Stew Recipe

Ingredients2 lbs. beef stew meat, cut into 2-inch chunks2 tbsp pork fat or lard (vegetable oil can be subbed)3 quarts + 1/2 cup water4 medium potatoes, peeled and cut into large chunks3 large carrots, peeled and cut into large chunks2 onions, peeled and cut into large chunks2 parsnips, peeled and sliced1 leek, trimmed, sliced, and rinsed clean1/4 cup flourSalt and pepper1 tbsp vinegarSalt and pepperOptional ingredients – chopped turnips or salsify
DirectionsSprinkle the stew meat with salt and pepper. Heat the fat in a skillet over medium high heat. Add the meat and sauté for a few minutes, stirring frequently, till well browned, but not fully cooked.Transfer the browned meat to a large pot and cover with 3 quarts (12 cups) of water. Bring to a boil. Skim the fat that rises to the surface. Add the potatoes, carrots, onions, parsnips and sliced leek to the pot.In a small bowl, whisk together the flour with 1/2 cup cold water till a thick, smooth liquid forms. Slowly st…

Private Richardson 1864

Relaxing Tea Blend is what we use to help us relax after a long day

Ingredients: - 1/4 cup dried spearmint - 1 cup dried lemon balm - 1/4 cup dried lemon grass - 1/2 cup dried catnip - 3/4 cup dried chamomile flowers - 2 tbs. dried lavender flowers Combine the herbs and store in an air tight container in a dark cool location. Make tea using 2 teaspoons of herb blend for each cup
Civil War Recipes - Washington Pie Gift boxes sent to Union soldiers from home might contain the traditional gingerbread along with items such as socks, soap, and other foods. Ingredients: - 1 TB butter - 2 1/2 cups flour - 1 1/2 tsp. baking soda - 1/2 cup butter - 1 1/4 cups molasses - 1 egg - 1 1/2 tsp. cinnamon - 1 1/2 tsp. allspice - 1 cup very hot water Preheat the oven to 350 F. Grease a 9" square baking pan with the butter. In a large mixing bowl, combine the flour, soda and spices, and cut in softened butter to the flour mixture with a fork. Combine molasses, egg and water in a small mixing bowl. Add the liquid ingredients to the dry ingredients and stir well. Pour the batter into a baking pan and bake 35-40 minutes or until a toothpick inserted into the center comes out clean.

Private Hansen #4

My dearest wife, 
I know it has been a while since I have written, I have just been so preoccupied with the war. The 90 days war has been going on for 4 years. I have miraculously survived the horrifying atrocities at Gettysburg and Antietam. With good fortune the war will be over soon. We wake every morning at the crack of dawn. We are always short on food. We do get money, and I have been sending it home to you. I hope it benefits you. Give my warm regards to my dearest sons and brother. I hope you are doing well. I put you and everyone else in my prayers. Take care my love. I'll be home soon.

Private Richardson 1863 2

Confederate Short Bread
Wheat flour was quite scarce in the South during the Civil War so soldiers baked bread from available ingredients such as white cornmeal. Try to find white cornmeal to make this a bit more authentically Confederate. Although this recipe uses baking powder to make the cornbread fluffier, Confederate soldiers did not have baking powder. Ingredients: - 1 TB butter - 2 cups white cornmeal (not self-rising) - 2 tsp. baking powder - 3/4 tsp. salt - 2 eggs - 2 cups milk - 1/4 cup oil Preheat the oven to 400 F. Grease the 9" square baking pan with the butter. Combine the cornmeal, baking powder, and salt in a large bowl. In a small bowl whip the eggs with a fork and combine with the milk and oil. Stirring only until all the dry ingredients are wet, add the wet ingredients to the dry ingredients and then pour the batter into the prepared baking pan. Bake 20-25 minutes or until the top is lightly browned.

Private Richardson 1863

Republican Pudding 3 small eggs or two large eggs
2 cups of milk
1 cup sugar
3 tablespoons butter, soft
1 cup of cooked rice (see note above) Beat the eggs with the milk, sugar and butter using a whisk. Stir in cooked rice, making sure the rice grains are un-clumped. Heat mixture in a saucepan over medium-low heat, stirring frequently with whisk. Mixture will thicken after about 25 minutes. Remove from heat and let cool to room temperature. Yields four servings. A caramel sauce is traditional, and can be made by heating 3 tablespoons of butter in a saucepan and stirring in 1/2 cup of sugar and 3 tablespoons of water. The sugar will caramelize and become pourable. Alternatively, towards the end of the war when sugar was scarce, molasses would likely have been poured over the top.